The idea of Fortress Conservation has been popular in two ways. First as an active conservation policy – a means of protecting nature. And second, as a good way of summarising bad practice in conservation. It represents well the anti-thesis of all that community-based approaches try to move away from. But advocates of community-based conservation make a simple mistake in their arguments. They assert that fortress conservation is bound to fail. In fact it has, and can, often succeed. This does not make it any more right or just. But it does mean that we need better to understand the nature of its power. In this talk, using detailed case studies from East Africa, and global surveys, I examine in more detail what fortress conservation is, and what can sustain it, often in the teeth of local opposition.
About the speaker:
Daniel is a professor in Conservation and Development, Institute for Development Policy and Management, The University of Manchester, UK. His research has been in Tanzania, where he has worked on livelihood change, natural resource governance, microfinance and institutional performance. He has also worked in South Africa, Australia, New Zealand and India.