An assessment on Hunting in Nagaland: Impact on Biodiversity
National Centre For Biological Sciences
Nagaland, falls under the Indo-Malayan Region and is part of a global
biodiversity ‘hotspot’, indicative of the region’s rich biological wealth.
The region faces intense hunting pressure but there is no documentation of
the extent of biodiversity loss through hunting. In this preliminary study
we document the species presence in Community Conserved Area and Non
Community Conserved Area. We also collected Amur falcon samples to test for
potential avian flu virus.
Our study was conducted during January – March and September-December 2012
in 7 districts in Nagaland. We recorded detailed interviews with 24 active
hunters and 6 retired hunters. We evaluated species presence through
questionnaires using field guides as references. We also surveyed
households for skins and skulls retained in the house by the local hunters.
We also collected* *105 throat swab and cloacal samples of Amur falcon from
Our result showed that villages which have Community Conserved Area (CCA)
have more species presence than the villages which do not. When we look at
the two categories separately–CCAs and non-CCAs, the number of active
hunters in non-CCA villages is twice as much as the CCA villages.
Our results demonstrate that having CCAs is effective in conservation ofspecies. As an initial solution we recommend sensitising the neighbouringvillages which have already started Conservation Program by conductingworkshops and taking village leader to places where Conservation has beencarried out successfully.