This workshop will focus on anuran bioacoustics. At present, India has over 400 species of frogs and toads, among which we known about acoustical record of about 60 species (15% of the total anurans in India). The workshop provides an overview of anuran bioacoustics in the world, status in India and on standard format and method for acoustical analysis and recording. This module provides hands on training in standard methods for recording and analyzing anuran calls. Overall objective of the workshop is to illustrate the use of bioacoustics as an important tool in the monitoring and conservation of anurans, as anurans are among the most threatened and fast disappearing group of vertebrates in the world.