Status, distribution and habitat analysis of Tokay gecko (Gekko gecko) in Assam University and its adjoining villages
Biswajit Singh And Parthakar Choudhary
Introduction: What conservation problem or question does your study address?
From the past few years the survival of Tokay gecko has become a major threat due to increase in the level of illegal poaching and selling.To find the Status and distribution of Tokay Gecko and its encounter rate and the avaiblity in the study site. Habitat analysis, habitat Preference so that we can better understand their ecology.Call count method was to be done to know their behavoir. Threat analysis through degree of habitat alteration and questionnaire.
Methods: What were the main research methods you used?
To find the Status and Distribution I have followed line transect method. Each transect was taken as 1Km. A total of 14 transect was taken all together viz. 3 transect in Assam University, 6 transect in Irongmara, 1 transect each for Dargakona, Bor Jalenga, Duarbond Grant, Iringmara and Nakshatila. Initially, a pilot survey was done to measure the area and to know the path of the trail.Both direct sighting and indirect sighting (such as call record) were used to count the no. of individual sp. for each transect.As Tokay Gecko is a nocturnal species, thus the study was carried out survey during the day time and again at night as for 3-4 consecutive days. Habitat analysis was done measuring the different characteristic of the habitat through data sheets. Food analysis and Call count was done for the month of April. The Locality, date, time, GPS points, microhabitat such as, temperature, humidity etc. of each individuals was recorded.
Results: What are your most important results?
A total of 112 number of individuals of Tokay gecko were found The Encounter rate of Tokay gecko was found to 6.21/ km. Habitat preference was mud house then tree. Tokay gecko were found to perching most in the wall. The average perching height in houses was found to be 2.14m. . Tokay gecko was found outdoor then indoorA total of 7 tree species were recorded where Tokay gecko was found. IThe most calls at 8am to 9am and in the evening period it gives most calls in between 9pm to 10pm.
Discussion: What are your important discussion points and what is the relevance of your results to conservation (if any)?
Tokay gecko was distributed throughout this region and was abundant in village areas.The mud house are also converted to pacca house and RCC buildings which is a big problem. It is not being listed in many International council like in IUCN. A local taboo is a good conservation indication from conservation point of view. Information about illegal poaching and trading of Tokay gecko was also recorded from local people.The species must be given special leggal protection