Trends of bushmeat consumption and traditional hunting on wild mammal by Indigenous community living near protected area in Nagaland
Wildlife Institute Of India
The purpose of my study is to understand the factors influencing hunting with respect to today’s scenario in a landscape in habituated by indigenous communities. This study will highlight major threats to wildlife owing to hunting. Through this study I will be able to gauge the status of the species hunted, assess factors influencing preference of wildlife species by hunters and the extent of hunting, and socio – cultural aspects of hunting.
Camera traps pictures was used to estimate relative abundance and overall encounter/capture rates for hunted species.Transect based distance sampling was carried out for mammal and bird abundance. Each transect was 1 km long and were walked for mammals and birds.for pellets and tracks it was laid at(15x2m)at every 250 meter. These signs were used to generate encounter rate.For questionnaire survey, semi-structured interview was conducted.
In mammals, there is negative impact on ungulates (pellet density and encounter rate) with the hunting intensity. The deficit of mammal species due to hunting was found most effective on Indian muntjac and Common palm civet. Over hunting of this species will result in the decline of the species population in the area.from the socio-economic factors, Family wealth contribute considerably in consumption of more bushmeat.
To highlight the needs of conservation in a cultural-dependent people of Nagaland. it gives a present scenario of the available species present in the forest of Nagaland and what is the current status of the species. I also estimated the protein consumption needed to sustain the demands of the people and alternative options to deal with high protein consumers. Highlighting Intanki National Park as important area of forest corridor between Assam and Nagaland.