The first conference took place on 16-18 June 2010, at the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India. A further description is below:
Workshops: There were 7-9 workshops, conducted in parallel batches in the afternoons. The goal of the workshops is capacity-building in terms of training in basic conservation and research skills as well as introductions to new ideas, concepts and techniques in conservation science.
Other activities: A session similar to the “Who’s Who in Conservation” session at Cambridge was arranged. For this, academic departments, NGOs and government departments working in the field of conservation were invited to bring posters and other material describing their work and possible employment opportunities. Representatives from participating organisations were present to interact with student participants. In addition, we had round-table discussions on topics like conservation in industry, conservation science and conservation practice, conservation and livelihoods, and so on.
WEDNESDAY 16 JUNE 2010
10:30–11:30 Plenary talk 1: Ruth DeFries: Linkages between Protected Areas and their surroundings in India's human-dominated landscapes
12:00–13:30 Session I: Conservation Biology
(Chair: Prithiviraj Fernando)
- Eleni Foui: Bat communities in a highly fragmented landscape in Anamalai Hills, Western Ghats
- A.B.M Sarowar Alam: Gharials in Bangladesh: Present status and conservation initiatives
- Anoop Das: Are butterflies reliable indicators for habitat quality? A case study from a tropical rainforest of Western Ghats, India
- Rohit Naniwadekar: Impacts of logging and hunting on hornbills in tropical forests of North-East India
13:30–14:30 Lunch and poster set–up
14:30–16:00 Panel discussions and workshops
- Panel Discussion 1: Should conservation limit its focus to protected areas, or should it equally consider areas outside, including production landscapes?
- Workshop A: Elements of good study design in ecology
- Workshop B: Applying genetic techniques to conservation
16:30–18:00 Who’s Who In Conservation
18:00–19:00 Plenary talk 2: Rom Whitaker: Conservation tools to fix the planet: do we know what they are and are we using them correctly?
19:00–21:00 Dinner at IISC Guesthouse Lawns
THURSDAY 17 JUNE 2010
09:30–10:30 Plenary talk 3: Harini Nagendra: Conservation in forests and cities: challenges of collective action
11:00–12:30 Session II: Conservation and Human Communities
(Chair: Asmita Kabra)
- Vikram Aditya: A study of the community forest management programme (CFM) in reserve forests of Anantagiri hills near Vikarabad, Andhra Pradesh, and their impacts on the forest biodiversity
- Carla Monoy: Gathering local knowledge in quantifying local pressures on the Calayan Rail (Gallirallus calayanensis)
- Arijit Chatterjee: Study of wildlife in non-forest rural ecosystem of West Bengal
- Poorna Balaji: Implications of the Forest Rights Act, 2006 on conservation and livelihoods of Kattunaikka and Kuruma Tribes in Muthanga Forest Range, Noolpuzha Panchayat, Wayanad, Kerala
12:30–13:30 Lunch and Poster session
13:30–15:00 Session III: Mammal conservation
(Chair: Mewa Singh)
- Kamal Azad: Estimating the density of Tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) and its prey animals and preferences of prey by tigers in Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park, Assam
- Khanchai Prasanai: Ecology of Rehabilitated Hog Deer (Axis porcinus) in Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary, Chaiyaphum Province
- Meghna Agarwala: Habitat selection by wolves in agricultural landscapes in Solapur, Maharashtra
- Girish Punjabi: Den site selection in the Indian fox Vulpes bengalensis in a human dominated dry grassland ecosystem in Central India
15:30–16:30 Session IV: Landscape Ecology
(Chair: Jagdish Krishnaswamy)
- Imesh Nuwan Bandara: Effect of unsuitable land-use patterns on freshwater ichthyofaunal diversity. A case study from Deraniyagala, Sri Lanka
- Nanaya Konerira: Linking management, ecosystem services and landscape patterns in a coffee agroforestry landscape
- Sathish B N: Prioritization of conservation areas in the tropical wet evergreen forests of Western Ghats: fragile landscapes
16:30–18:00 Panel discussions and workshops
- Panel Discussion 2: Conservation targets: should we focus on species, ecosystems or services?
- Workshop C: Conservation and livelihoods: getting down to earth
- Workshop D: How to get a job in conservation
19:00–21:00 Dinner at the National Centre for Biological Sciences (NCBS). Transport is arranged leaving the JN Tata Auditorium at 18:15, and returning from NCBS at 21:15.
FRIDAY 18 JUNE 2010
09:00–10:00 Plenary talk 4: Rhys Green
: The race to save Asia's vultures from extinction
10:00–11:00 Session V: Species Interactions
(Chair: Asad Rahmani)
- Ruchira Somaweera: Impact of cane toads (Bufo marinus) on Freshwater crocodiles (Crocodylus johnstoni) at Lake Argyle, Western Australia
- V P Praveen: Predation of Excoecaria seedlings by the crab Sesarmops intermedius: lessons for mangrove afforestation
- Shivani Jadeja: Differential dispersal of an invasive, Prosopis juliflora (mesquite), by different social groups of a native ungulate, Antilope cervicapra (blackbuck)
11:30–13:00 Panel discussions and workshops
- Panel discussion 3: Human-wildlife conflict: gaps in our understanding
- Workshop E: Where and how to apply for funds for your conservation research
- Workshop F: Introduction to GIS using open-source tools
13:00–14:00 Lunch and Poster session
14:00–15:00 Session VI: Conservation Genetics
(Chair: Praveen Karanth)
- Swapnil Gaikwad: DNA barcode for species identification: its implementation in conservation
- Debapriyo Chakraborty: Population genetic structure and recent bottlenecks in a wild, high-altitude macaque: strong effects of geography and anthropogenic factors
- Mohan Kumar: Population genetic structure and gene flow studies of fragmented populations of Dysoxylum binectariferum an economically important species of Western Ghats India
01. 16 June. Should conservation limit its focus to protected areas, or should it equally consider areas outside, including production landscapes? Panel
: MD Madhusudan (NCF
, Mysore), K Ullas Karanth (WCS
, Bangalore), TR Shankar Raman (NCF
, Mysore), Prithviraj Fernando (CCL
, Sri Lanka) Summary
: What scientific foundations and practical compulsions have shaped the different approaches to conservation described in the title? How effective have they been in conserving species and ecosystems in the short-term and the long-term? What are the social, economic and political fall-outs of their implementation, and how do they influence our ability to pursue these approaches into the future? And finally, given that the practice of conservation is about prioritising the use of scarce resources and efforts, to what extent are these approaches in conflict with each other, and hence undermining conservation? How, if at all, can they be made truly complementary in practice?
02. 17 June. Conservation targets: should we focus on species, ecosystems or services? Panel
: Jagdish Krishnaswamy (ATREE
, Bangalore), Mahesh Sankaran (NCBS
, Bangalore), R. Sukumar (IISc
, Bangalore) Summary
: This workshop will focus on new paradigms about prioritizing conservation of species, ecosystems and ecosystem functions at the landscape scale. It will discuss the conceptual, spatial, temporal synergies and trade-offs between biodiversity and different regulatory and provisioning ecosystem services and the challenges this poses for conservation and management of landscapes for multiple stake-holders.
03. 18 June. Human-wildlife conflict: gaps in our understanding. Panel
: Janaki Lenin (Draco-India
, Chennai), Anindya Sinha (NIAS
, Bangalore), Prithviraj Fernando (CCL
, Sri Lanka), Ravi Chellam (WCS-India
, Bangalore) Summary
: Conflict generally occurs when large carnivores or herbivores use human landscapes. Although conflict with some species such as elephants has been studied for a long time, there are large gaps in our understanding of their foraging and movement patterns, habitat use and behaviour. There is also no clear understanding of the extent, intensity, trends and causes of conflict. In other words, there is little knowledge of the ecology of these animals outside Protected Areas, where a lot of our wildlife lives. On the other hand, we do not know what influences the degree of tolerance of people suffering loss? While it is recognized that conflict is as much about the competition for resources between man and wildlife as it is about the attitudes of local people, there is very little attention paid to the sociological aspect. There are a whole range of mitigation measures being used but little is known of their effectiveness. At this discussion, we will hear different views on all these points.
01. 16 June. Elements of good study design in ecology. Conducted by
: Advait Edgaonkar (IIFM
, Bhopal) & Kavita Isvaran (IISc
, Bangalore) Capacity: 30. This workshop will discuss a range of issues that arise when designing a study in ecology and conservation. These include how to identify and distribute sampling units and avoid bias while doing so; what inferences can and cannot be drawn from particular research designs; what spatial and temporal scales are appropriate for answering different kinds of questions; and finally some general advice on making inferences from the statistical analysis of ecological data. Throughout, we will use examples to make concepts as clear as possible. After a brief presentation by us on the design of good ecological research, students will split into small groups and discuss different case studies. Representatives from each group will then lead discussions on the strengths and weaknesses of their designs, and on how to improve them to obtain better results.
02. 16 June. Applying genetic techniques to conservation. Conducted by
: TNC Vidya (JNCASR
, Bangalore), Uma Ramakrishnan (NCBS
, Bangalore), Praveen Karanth (IISc
, Bangalore), Shomita Mukherjee (SACON
, Coimbatore). Capacity: 100. Summary
: This workshop will provide an overview of the use of genetic techniques in conservation, including studies on genetic diversity, phylogeny, phylogeography and population genetics, and forensic studies, and methods such as sequencing and microsatellite analysis. It will provide a brief introduction to analytical tools.
03. 17 June. Conservation and livelihoods: getting down to earth. Conducted by
: Asmita Kabra (Ambedkar University
, Delhi), Arnab Mukherji (Indian Institute of Management
, Bangalore) Capacity: 30. Summary
: The workshop will introduce participants to social science methods/thinking in the context of conservation research. Some of the issues that the workshop will engage with are (1) Analytical frameworks for understanding rural livelihoods (income approaches, livelihood approaches); (2) Basic research methods: combining survey techniques with participatory methods; and (3) Common pitfalls and dilemmas of rural livelihood research. The workshop will be participatory, and will include hands-on exercises in designing rural livelihood and forest dependence surveys.
04. 17 June. How to get a job in conservation. Conducted by
: Rom Whitaker (Agumbe Rainforest Research Station
), Ruth DeFries (Columbia University
, USA) Capacity: 100. Summary
: So, you have a masters or a doctoral degree in conservation or a related field. What next? This workshop will explore the gamut of career options in conservation. With resource people who have chosen very different career trajectories, this session will give you a global perspective on opportunities in the field of conservation. It will cover the range from academic careers to working with NGO’s to creating your own opportunities for work, the pros and cons of different types of jobs, and how to prepare yourself for the type of career that best interests you.
05. 18 June. Where and how to apply for funds for your conservation research. Conducted by
: Mewa Singh (University of Mysore
) and Ajith Kumar (WCS-India
, Bangalore) Capacity: 60. Summary
: Are you a Masters or PhD student with little or no funding for your conservation research? Or looking for a little extra to make sure you can add an exciting component to your work? This workshop will describe major and minor funding sources available to you; and will give you tips for how to write an effective proposal.
06. 18 June. Introduction to GIS using open-source tools. Conducted by
: Srinivas V. (FERAL
, Bangalore), Neil Pelkey (Juanita College
, USA) Capacity: 30. Summary
: In this workshop, participants will learn the basics of GIS, including importing shapefiles and customising maps, using the open-source GIS software QGIS. Participants will need to bring their own laptops, as we don't have a computer lab available. You must install QGIS and other software before the workshop starts. Details will be emailed to you before the conference begins.
All posters were displayed on all three days of the conference. The list below has been loosely grouped into four categories: Behaviour, Conservation Strategies, Livelihoods & human communities, and Status & distribution.
01. Abhijeet Bayani: Dynamic forms of predatory behaviour and variable hunting strategies of Marsh Crocodiles (Crocodylus palustris) benefit their survival in river Vishwamitri, Vadodara, Gujarat.
02. Asif Hussain: Effect of livestock and herding activities on habitat use, activity pattern and diet of Tibetan wild ass (Equus kiang) in Changthang wildlife sanctuary Ladakh India.
03. Bhrigu Prasad Saikia: Habitat utilization pattern of Golden langur Trachypithecus geei, Khajuria, 1956 in Manas National Park, Assam, India
04. Elisabet Purastuti: A study of human elephant conflict (spatial analysis of elephant home range in Sekincau, Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park, Lampung)
05. Karakkunnummal Shanij: Leaf litter trapping and consumption by sesarmid crabs: is it crucial for mangrove ecosystem?
06. Krishnendu Mondal: Response of leopards to re-introduced tigers in Sariska Tiger Reserve, Rajasthan.
07. Lan Qie: Vertical stratification responses of an arboreal dung beetle species to tropical forest fragmentation
08. Patrick David: Fig seasonality and fig-use by birds and mammals in Sriharikota Island, southern India.
09. Shamshad Alam: Diet of Striped Hyena (Hyaena hyaena) in Gir National Park and Sanctuary, Gujarat, India
10. Shreya Dasgupta: Home range and Movement pattern dynamics of Indian wolves in semi-wild landscapes of Deccan plateau in Maharashtra, India
11. Sreedhar Vijayakrishnan: Elephant behaviour and ecology in stressed situations: A comparative study between behavior of Wild and Captive elephants under distressed conditions
12. Sreekar Rachakonda: Who does what to who? A preliminary study on the impacts of human beings on the Indian golden gecko Calodactylodes aureus
01. Dhruba Bijaya B. C.: Community Forestry as a vehicle for poverty reduction, good governance and gender equity.
02. Gurshabadjeet Singh: Conservation, livelihoods and hunting tribes: A case study on Pardhees, an indigenous hunting tribe in Madhya Pradesh
03. Meha Jain: Community-based forest management: conserving forest cover while providing valuable ecosystem services
04. Nalin Wijayawardene: Role of forest dwelling communities for conservation of Ritigala Strict Natural Reserve (SNR) in Sri Lanka
05. Ruth Pinto: Role of forest guards in forest conservation
06. Sweta Mishra: Community Conservation Initiatives in Orissa: A self initiated and self driven step by the local communities, towards ecological security and addressing the livelihood requirements
STATUS & DISTRIBUTION
In this session, academic departments, NGOs and government departments working in the field of conservation displayed posters and other material describing their work and possible employment opportunities. Representatives from these organisations were present to interact with participants. Organisations that took part in this session were:
: Applied Environmental Research Foundation
05. ARCH: Action for Research and Conservation in Himalayas
: Centre for Indian Knowledge Systems
: Deutscher Akademischer Austauch Dienst / German Academic Exchange Service
: Foundation for Ecological Research, Advocacy and Learning
: Foundation for Ecological Security
: Group for Nature Preservation and Education
17. Growing Wild
: Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research
: Madras Crocodile Bank Trust/Centre for Herpetology
: National Centre for Biological Sciences
: Research and Action in Natural Wealth Administration
: Salim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History
: Students' Sea Turtle Conservation Network
: Wildlife Research and Conservation Society, Pune
: Wildlife Trust of India
: Young Ecologists Talk and Interact
: Zoo Outreach Organisation